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Stone of the Month February 2021: Emerald


English version here


The quiet, relaxed mood at the beginning of the year is slowly giving way to the first activities. The stagnation of winter is slowly overcome, old and outdated things can be left behind. Things that are meant to endure deserve our special attention at this time Attention, perhaps a cleaning or special care.

Smaragd enriches us with clarity, alertness and vision, so that we can create the necessary space for new ideas. Goals can be found and formulated more easily with his support - the orientation in difficult times is made easier. Emerald also strengthens our view of what is beautiful, harmonious and just. Thus we can live intensively, enjoy and develop a deeper understanding for the relationships with our fellow human beings. But also the regeneration of our own forces can be strengthened by emerald, as we see through better what is good for us.


Scientific profile emerald

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Chemical formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18) + K,Li,Na + (Cr,V)

Mineral Class: variety of beryl family from mineral class of ring silicates, beryllium aluminum silicate

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Color: Emerald green, ranging from light to yellow-green to dark

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Gloss: Glas-like

Crystal system: Hexagonal

Moh hardness: 7.5 - 8

Splitability: Imperfect, small-scalloped, uneven or brittle fracture

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occurrence: Colombia, Brazil, India, Zambia, South Africa, Mozambique, Tanzania, Austria, Russia

Origin: Primary hydrothermal in pegmatite veins; Tertiary metamorphic in the contact zone of two beryllium- and aluminum-bearing and chromium-bearing mica schists.


You can find chain strands, jewelry, drilled stone parts and other items made of emerald here in our online store for commercial customers

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Name origin and synonyms

The name emerald is derived from the Greek word smáragdos (green stone). For the further origin of the word there are different theories, because similar sounding terms are found in different languages, for example "marakatam" (green) in Sanskrit, "barraqtu" (shining stone) in Semitic Akkadian or "bâraq"(sparkle) in Hebrew. There are currently no common synonyms for emerald.

The term "trapiche emerald" is used to describe a very rare variety of emerald in which inclusions and special conditions during formation produce a structure reminiscent of a wagon wheel with six spokes.

"False" emeralds

Both in retail and wholesale, some other minerals besides green beryl are given the name suffix "emerald" to give these stones a special value. These include.
+ green Fluorite "African Emerald"
+ Prase "emerald quartz" or "emerald mother"
+ prehnite "cape emerald"
+ green tourmaline "emeraldite"

Confusion and counterfeiting

Smaragd can be confused with green garnet (Demantoid, Grossular, Uvarovite), Chrome Diopside and green Tourmaline. In case of doubt, a mineralogical-gemological examination helps here.

As with all valuable gemstones, there are also with the emerald a lot of fakes. Often cracks are filled with Glass, the stones impregnated with oil, wax or plastic. Emerald is produced synthetically, also doublets and triplets are in the trade. Many fakes can only be detected by gemologists.

The first synthetic emerald with grindable quality was produced in 1935 at I.G. Farben in Bitterfeld. This synthesis was given the name "Igmerald", composed of the company name and the English term emerald.


Smaragd as a gemstone

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Unlike the Diamond, inclusions in the emerald (so-called "Jardin") are not considered to diminish the value, but rather as a sign of the stone's authenticity.

Since emerald is quite sensitive to impact, high quality emerald crystals are usually cut in an octagonal staircase cut; this shape is also referred to as "Smaragd cut".

The largest worked emerald in the world can be admired in the Vienna Hofburg. It comes from the famous Colombian Muzo mine. The stone is about 11 cm high and a vessel with a lid was made from it in the 17th century. In 2018 one found in Zambia a huge rough emerald weighing 5565 carats, which is equal to 1.1 kg! It was given the name "Lion Emerald". The largest currently known cut emerald named "Theodora" (God's gift) is believed, that it is a synthetic stone. That is why the piece, which weighs a good 11kg, did not find a buyer at an auction in 2012.
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The largest uncut emerald known to date is the "Bahia Emerald"; this is a group of intense green crystals found near Pindobaçu (Bahia, Brazil) in 2001. With a weight of 381 kg, i.e. almost 2 million carats, the Bahia emerald is a real heavyweight.


Historical facts about emerald

Smaragd belongs to the four "classic" gemstones: Diamond, Ruby, Sapphire and Emerald. In the past, the term gemstones applied only to these four representatives of the mineral kingdom; all other jewelry and therapeutic stones fell under the category of Semi-precious stones. This designation was abolished in 1955, but still persists in common usage today.

The first emeralds were found ca. 2000 BC near the Red Sea. The legendary Hermes Trismegistos, a teacher of the Egyptian culture, whose life data are not exactly known, is to have its so-called "hermetic Laws", which belong to the most important foundations of esoteric knowledge, are said to have been engraved in tablets of emerald. These tablets were never found, but the texts have been handed down.

Since the 13th century BC, the mining of emerald in the Egyptian mines of Sikait and Sabara is documented; from there, emeralds reached all of Europe. For the Egyptians, emerald was the "stone of lovers," which they consecrated to the goddess Isis. Cleopatra also wore magnificent emerald jewelry and emeralds have always been a symbol of wealth, power and national pride.

Also in South and Central America, there has long been extensive trade in emerald from mines in Colombia, which are still known today. Soon after the conquest of South America in the middle of the 16th century, the Colombian emeralds displaced the precious stones from Egypt in Europe as well.

Some great poets were inspired by the magic of the emerald. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe compared Ottilie, one of the protagonists, to an emerald in his novel "Die Wahlverwandtschaften". The fascination of the green beryl continues to this day. the book and the film Emerald Green by Kerstin Gier appeared in the 2010s, and the comic-strip hero Emerald Knight (Smaragdkrieger, Smaragdritter) could be seen in animated films in the 2010s. to be seen.

Habachtal Emeralds

The Habachtal in Austria isthe only significant emerald discovery site in Europe. However, the small mine is no longer considered profitable today, but continues to be operated by a family of blasters for tourist reasons. Emeralds from the Habachtal are characterized by an intense green color, which comes from a high chromium content and a dark coloring of the carrier rock. Only very rarely are flawless crystals found, most specimens have inclusions and are not worth cutting. and are not worth cutting. The rarer larger and purer stones often adorn famous pieces of jewelry, such as the Imperial Crown Insignia in Vienna and the Dommonstrance in Salzburg. In Mattsee Abbey, a pectoral cross with five Emeralds and a large crystal with a size of 11 x 9 cm can be admired. Emerald in Matrix is also called Emerald Habachtaler type.

Association and application

Since ancient times, emerald has been attributed with a variety of helpful properties. It promotes spiritual growth, clarity, foresight and a sense of beauty, harmony and justice. Strengthening friendships and partnerships and the strengthening of connections between lovers and spouses are attributed to him. He supports the ability to regenerate and strokes of fate can be overcome more easily. In life crises, he helps to find new orientation.

For Hildegard von Bingen is the emerald something like a "universal healing stone" She writes about the gem "... For this reason, the emerald is a good remedy for all ailments and diseases of man, because the Sun gives birth to it, and because all its substance is derived from the greenness of the air."

For stone medicine application, exclusive, usually faceted gemstones are usually out of the question, because they are very expensive, but also small. Therefore, for gemstone massages, stone circles, for laying on and for other applications are mostly cheaper, opaque Emeralds in Matrix used.

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As Water Stones emerald is used for strengthening the themes of finding meaning, orientation, growth and harmony.


VitaJuwel products, chain strands and other products with emerald can be found here in our web store for commercial customers.

Chakras and astrological assignment

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Smaragd is a stone for the heart chakra. It is associated with the sign Cancer, for which it is considered an emblem of hope.